Myanmar remains one of the 34 countries worldwide that have the highest burden of chronic malnutrition, where more than one third (35.1 percent) of children under 5 are stunted and 7.9 percent are acutely malnourished. Myanmar is also one of the world’s 22 high tuberculosis (TB) burden countries, with a TB prevalence rate three times higher than the global average and one of the highest in Asia. In 2014, around 210,000 people were estimated to live with HIV (PLHIV) in Myanmar, and in spite of 33 percent decrease in the number of deaths by AIDS, an estimated 10,000 people died of AIDS related illnesses in the same year.
WFP’s response to HIV and TB epidemics in Myanmar under the current operation is programmed in line with the strategy of the Ministry of Health (MoH). Since 2003, WFP has been implementing nutrition interventions, with an aim to enhance adherence and treatment success of patients receiving ART and/or TB treatment, with the provision of nutritional support through HIV clinics or community home-based care activities.