Sudan remains low in human development, ranking 167 out of 188 countries in the 2015 Human Development Index. After the 2011 South Sudan secession which led to the loss of substantial oil output and fiscal revenue, the economy continues to struggle.
Over the years, Sudan has faced several conflicts. This has resulted in massive displacement, destroyed infrastructure and restricted movements for humanitarians.
Approximately 5.5 million people were food insecure in early 2018 - up from 3.8 million in 2017. It is estimated that more than 80 percent of the population may already be unable to afford the food they need on a daily basis to live a healthy life. The chronic malnutrition rate is 38 percent, with 11 out of 18 states recording the stunting prevalence among children at above 40 percent.
The past four years have also seen an influx of refugees from South Sudan. In January 2018, only 2 percent of IDPs in Darfur and 1 percent of the refugee population could afford the food they need.
What WFP is doing in Sudan
Food assistanceWFP and its partners distribute food to people recently displaced by conflict or natural disaster, vulnerable refugees and IDPs, returnees and severely food-insecure resident communities. Through Food for Assets programmes, communities receive food, vouchers or cash in return for participating in activities to preserve natural resources, support economic activities or improve community services and infrastructure.
Connecting farmers to marketsIn coordination with the Government of Sudan, WFP supports smallholder farmers to increase productivity, strengthen rural economies, build more effective markets and increase food security and nutrition. By supporting capacity building and technical assistance and through post-harvest loss reduction activities, WFP empowers smallholder farmers to become competitive actors on food markets.
NutritionWFP aims to prevent and treat acute malnutrition in emergency and recovery situations, reduce stunting and prevent micronutrient deficiencies through nutrition-specific interventions. WFP-supported nutrition programmes include treatment and prevention of moderate acute malnutrition, home fortification, emergency supplementary feeding, and social and behaviour change communication.
School mealsThe school meals programme targets food-insecure children in rural and conflict-affected areas where access to food is limited, and takes into account educational and gender disparities. Children are provided with wet meals on school grounds encouraging them to attend school and not spend their time in search of food. In Kassala and Red Sea, take-home rations have been supporting girls’ continued education.
Climate resilienceWFP Sudan has expertise in developing and delivering large-scale climate resilience innovations including its Farmers to Markets Initiative (F2M), Joint Resilience Programme (JRP), Safe Access to Fuel and Energy (SAFE) initiative. These innovations help vulnerable communities to prepare for, respond to and recover from climate-related disasters so that food and nutrition security is no longer an elusive goal for them.
Climate-related food security analysisThrough WFP’s C-ADAPT, Sudan has developed innovative climate-induced food insecurity analyses and practices to inform programming and decision-making. With the Met Office, WFP published a Climate Change and Food Security Assessment to outline how climate risks will impact food security and livelihoods in Sudan under different, future climate scenarios. By outlining the impacts of such scenarios, it provides concrete information for adaptation planning.