Food insecurity in South Sudan has reached the most extreme levels since independence in 2011. Pockets of famine have been declared in parts of the former Unity State, in Leer and Mayendit counties. There is a high likelihood that famine could also occur in Koch County.
Famine conditions are affecting about 100,000 people who have received limited humanitarian assistance for months – if not years – because of recurrent fighting and other obstacles to access for relief organizations in Leer, Mayendit and Koch counties.
WFP requires US$ 205 million to provide food and nutrition assistance until the end of July. This includes resources needed to buy, transport and pre-position food items in areas which will become inaccessible in the rainy season when roads become impassable.
What the World Food Programme is doing to respond to the South Sudan emergency
WFP and its partners have continued to deploy rapid response teams, exploiting windows of opportunity to reach people in need. Since the Integrated Rapid Response Mechanism (IRRM) launched, teams have deployed for more than 400 missions in deep field locations in South Sudan. Through these joint emergency teams, WFP reaches 500,000 people per month in areas that are only accessible by air.
For over a year now, WFP has been using cash transfers to allow people to purchase their choice of food from local traders, and to strengthen the local economy . We started providing cash to displaced people in the Juba Protection of Civilians sites (PoCs) and the Mingkaman settlement. In 2016, we expanded these voucher systems to the Bahr el Ghazal regions.
Schools meals support a healthy and productive learning environment for children. Where WFP has provided school meals in South Sudan, enrolment and attendance rates have increased from 40 to 93 percent for boys and from 30 to 86 percent for girls on average. WFP seeks to assist more than 200,000 children through school meals and a special take-home ration to encourage girls to attend classes.
WFP and UNICEF have continued their succesful partnership to intensify the nutrition response in South Sudan. WFP has provided treatment to malnourished children, pregnant women and nursing mothers, in addition to training community nutrition volunteers. We continue to support outreach efforts through more than 12,000 community nutrition volunteers throughout South Sudan.