This operation has been modified as per budget revision 3 (see below)
The conflict in the Syrian Arab Republic has led to approximately 300,000 deaths and injured more than 1 million people since 2011; 4.8 million people have left the country, 6.1 million have been internally displaced and overall 13.5 million people need humanitarian assistance. Widespread destruction of schools and hospitals has affected the delivery of education and medical services. Agriculture has suffered, and unemployment and poverty have increased tenfold.
Eighty percent of Syrians are now living in poverty, 9.4 million are food-insecure or at risk of food insecurity, wasting is above 7 percent and stunting is 23 percent. Primary school enrolment rates have halved since 2010.
Protracted relief and recovery operation 200988 will provide life-saving food assistance for 5.74 million people, and will gradually shift to recovery and livelihood activities. The priority is to meet the basic food needs of food-insecure people, but the operation will also enable WFP to reduce humanitarian needs; however, the volatile security situation will continue to represent a constraint. The operation is based on recent evaluations and assessments and is consistent with the Sustainable Development Goals, the Zero Hunger Strategy, WFP’s Strategic Objectives, the Syrian Arab Republic Humanitarian Response Plan and the United Nations Strategic Framework.
WFP will address gender disparities that influence food security and ensure that beneficiaries are adequately protected; it will deliver assistance through cash-based transfers and introduce mobile data-collection and beneficiary information management systems. Recognizing that a political settlement is an essential condition for sustainable outcomes, WFP will enhance the capacities of institutions and civil society and expand private-sector partnerships to support its supply chain.
The overall improvement in the security situation in Aleppo and the Northeast of the country has resulted in the recent re-opening of the land route from Aleppo to Qamishly. This route has been deemed safe by the Syria United Nations Country Team (UNCT) and was endorsed by the Syrian Ministry of Foreign Affairs as a potential route to be used by WFP. In light of this, WFP has decided to discontinue its airlift operation from Damascus to Qamishly as of 25 June 2017.The main purpose of this BR 03 is to reflect the discontinuation of the airlifts from Damascus to Qamishly and the use of the Aleppo-Qamishly road instead. This has resulted in significant cost savings and will allow WFP to dispatch more food to both Raqqa and Hassakeh governorates than was previously possible.