This operation has been modified as per budget revision 2 (see below)
Madagascar is emerging from the 2009-2013 political crisis and ensuing international sanctions. Poverty has increased over recent years and today 72 percent of the estimated total population of 22 million live below the national poverty line.
The 2013 Crop and Food Security Assessment found that nearly 4 million people - 28 percent of the rural population of Madagascar - were food insecure. The highest rates of food insecurity have been registered in the south-western and southern regions due to prolonged drought conditions, as well as in the south-eastern regions due to cyclones and flooding.
An external evaluation of the current protracted relief and recovery operation 200065 concluded that WFP’s interventions and response mechanisms, including those adopted to address unforeseen events, were relevant and appropriate. The evaluation recommended that the resilience component in particular be strengthened.
Through this new operation, WFP will address the needs of disaster-affected populations and provide a continuous support to build the resilience of the most vulnerable and food insecure communities facing recurrent shocks (cyclones/floods, drought, erratic rainfall, locust plagues) in the south-western, southern and south-eastern regions of the country. Women’s and men’s appreciation and satisfaction on WFP’s assistance were taken into account when designing this operation.
Relief needs will be addressed by pre-positioning food stocks in disaster-prone areas. WFP will contribute to strengthen national capacities to ensure timely food assistance and nutrition response in the aftermath of a natural disaster, including using the cash modality when possible.
WFP will reduce communities’ vulnerability to shocks through building community and households’ livelihood assets. WFP’s gender sensitive three-pronged approach will be implemented in 2015 and used to prioritize communities as well as resilience building activities.
This new protracted relief and recovery operation will contribute to the United Nations Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF, 2015-2019) priorities 1 and 3; and to WFP strategic objectives 1 and 3. It is in alignment with the Millennium Development Goals 1, 4 and 5 and the Zero Hunger Challenge 2.
El Niño-induced drought caused considerable crop losses in southern Madagascar during the first harvest of 2016, extending the region’s lean season into the second quarter of the year and resulting in a significant rise in food insecurity and malnutrition.
This BR 2 to PRRO 200735 will increase the total project by USD 82.1 million to USD 112.2 million and will make the following changes for the period November 2016 to March 2017: scale-up relief operations to reach approximately 1.1 million people at the height of the 2016 / 2017 lean season, through General Food Distribution (GFD) and FFA (Food assistance For Assets); prioritize emergency asset creation from the start of the lean season for moderately food insecure populations and suspend long-term resilience building activities in these areas; extend the treatment of moderate acute malnutrition (MAM) to drought-affected areas and provide a household “protection ration” to families with moderately acute malnourished members in communities not receiving GFD and FFA; and expand the prevention of acute malnutrition in affected areas.