This operation has been modified as per budget revision 3 (see below)
Madagascar is emerging from the 2009-2013 political crisis and ensuing international sanctions. Poverty has increased over recent years and today 72 percent of the estimated total population of 22 million live below the national poverty line.
The 2013 Crop and Food Security Assessment found that nearly 4 million people - 28 percent of the rural population of Madagascar - were food insecure. The highest rates of food insecurity have been registered in the south-western and southern regions due to prolonged drought conditions, as well as in the south-eastern regions due to cyclones and flooding.
An external evaluation of the current protracted relief and recovery operation 200065 concluded that WFP’s interventions and response mechanisms, including those adopted to address unforeseen events, were relevant and appropriate. The evaluation recommended that the resilience component in particular be strengthened.
Through this new operation, WFP will address the needs of disaster-affected populations and provide a continuous support to build the resilience of the most vulnerable and food insecure communities facing recurrent shocks (cyclones/floods, drought, erratic rainfall, locust plagues) in the south-western, southern and south-eastern regions of the country. Women’s and men’s appreciation and satisfaction on WFP’s assistance were taken into account when designing this operation.
Relief needs will be addressed by pre-positioning food stocks in disaster-prone areas. WFP will contribute to strengthen national capacities to ensure timely food assistance and nutrition response in the aftermath of a natural disaster, including using the cash modality when possible.
WFP will reduce communities’ vulnerability to shocks through building community and households’ livelihood assets. WFP’s gender sensitive three-pronged approach will be implemented in 2015 and used to prioritize communities as well as resilience building activities.
This new protracted relief and recovery operation will contribute to the United Nations Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF, 2015-2019) priorities 1 and 3; and to WFP strategic objectives 1 and 3. It is in alignment with the Millennium Development Goals 1, 4 and 5 and the Zero Hunger Challenge 2.
This third budget revision to Madagascar Protracted Relief and Recovery Operation (PRRO) 200735 seeks to extend the period of the operation by six months until the start of the country Transitional Interim Country Strategic Plan (T-ICSP) in January 2018, and to include WFP’s relief and early recovery response to the cyclone ENAWO which struck the country in March 2017.