This operation has been revised as per budget revision 3 (see below)
The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) continues to suffer from instability and armed conflict, epidemics, nutrition crises and natural disasters in a context of high poverty levels.
The DRC presents one of the largest, most complex humanitarian crises in the world. Over 5.4 million people have died from violence in the East because of conflict, disease and malnutrition during the last decade. Since 2009, over 2.7 million1 people are displaced by the conflict, mostly in the Eastern Provinces of the DRC. In early November 2013 the main rebel movement in North Kivu, the M23, was defeated by the UN-backed Congolese Government and surrendered accordingly. However the root causes of the conflict, which mainly include inter-ethnic tensions and land disputes, have not been resolved. The other IDPs not affected by the M23 are victims of a number of different other armed groups, which continue to commit gross human right violations in the Eastern part of the country.
The latest Integrated Food Security and Humanitarian Phase Classification (IPC) exercise conducted in December 2013 has identified some 6,7 million people in acute food security and livelihood crisis in DRC2.
A weak government and corruption has also reduced the national capacity to respond to the crises in the country3. In addition to this, a persistent economic crisis, poverty, the poor nutritional status, poor utilisation of food, limited access to markets, lack of infrastructure are all compounding factors of food insecurity in DRC.
United Nations agencies are continuing to assist the vulnerable communities. WFP declared the DRC crisis a level 2 emergency in December 2013.
Budget revision 4 to SO 200661 extends the operation by a period of twelve months, from July 2016 to July 2017. This extension will enable WFP to continue efforts to strengthen the functioning of the Food Security Cluster in DRC, where ongoing volatility in the political and food security context necessitates strong humanitarian response coordination. Specific activities to be undertaken include: support for food security analysis and market monitoring; information management; capacity strengthening; and provincial-level cluster coordination.
During the period of extension, the development of a new Special Operation to follow and build upon the achievements of this project will be considered.