Economic growth over the past decade has halved the percentage of Indonesia’s population living in hunger and extreme poverty. Achieving food security and improved nutrition for all Indonesians is possible, particularly if the Government’s capacity to address malnutrition, adapt to climate change and prepare for disasters is augmented.
Food sovereignty and nutrition are central to the National Medium-Term Development Plan (2015–2019). The Government seeks WFP’s support for two of its five priorities: improving nutrition and the quality of food, and mitigating the effects of disasters on food security.
WFP’s Country Strategic Plan for Indonesia is based on a strategic review of food security and nutrition by a national research institute, incorporating feedback from the Government, civil society, the private sector and development partners. The Government, the strategic review and the country portfolio evaluation (2009–2013) recommended that WFP discontinue direct food distributions, except in a Level 3 emergency response, and focus on policy advice, capacity development and knowledge-sharing to support the Government’s investments in food security, nutrition and emergency preparedness.
With the aim of reducing the number of severely food-insecure people by 11 million, the country programme will implement four activities to achieve three strategic results.
Strategic Result 1: An evidence-based approach will prioritize the most vulnerable people and regions with a view to reducing severe food insecurity by 1 percent per year.
- Activity 1: Support the Government in collecting and analysing food security and nutrition data for optimum policies and programmes (Strategic Objective 3/Strategic Result 1).
Strategic Result 2: Consumers will be encouraged to adopt balanced diets through nutrition campaigns and nutrition-sensitive social protection programmes.
- Activity 2: Promote balanced diets to address undernutrition and overweight.
- Activity 3: Improve the efficiency and nutrition impact of national social protection programmes.
Strategic Result 3: Indonesia’s emergency logistics capacity will be upgraded to respond in a timely and coordinated manner to disasters.
- Activity 4: Enhance emergency preparedness and response through the establishment of an integrated network of logistics hubs.
The country programme is aligned with WFP Strategic Objectives 1, 3 and 4 and Sustainable Development Goal 2. It was designed in accordance with the United Nations Partnership for Development Framework.