Our Emergencies and Transitions Team ensures that WFP country offices have the appropriate policies, guidance and training to promote Zero Hunger for people affected by crises. In doing so, it uses an Emergency Programming Framework built around:
- The Five Rs: Achieving the right objective by providing the right assistance to the right people at the right time in the right way.
- Coordination: Working in close partnership with internal and external stakeholders.
- Balance and bumps: Finding a balance between speed and quality, while navigating the bumps (or unexpected difficulties) encountered during operations.
Key areas of the Emergency Programming Framework
This refers both to humanitarian actors’ ability to reach people affected by crisis, and to the ability of those affected to access humanitarian assistance and services. For WFP to serve those in extreme situations effectively, it must be proactive in securing and maintaining access. Just weeks after a partial ceasefire in the Syrian conflict was agreed in February 2016, WFP and its partners had managed to deliver life-saving support to over 150,000 people – more than at any time since hostilities began.
Most of our interventions occur amid conflicts – and where possible, we work to mitigate these, or at the very least not to make them worse. By employing conflict-sensitive programming, we contribute in small but meaningful, ways to peacebuilding at local and national levels. In Chad, a joint livelihood strategy was launched at Belom camp: it consisted of encouraging refugees and the host community to grow vegetables together. They jointly prepared 14.5 hectares of land and dug 120 wells. This focus on community assets helped reduce tensions and ensured equitable outcomes for all involved.
WFP is committed to offering food assistance in a manner that does not compromise protection for those it serves, but rather contributes to their safety, dignity and integrity. Following the Haiti earthquake in 2010, preventing violence during food distribution was a major concern. With this in mind, we announced over local radio, ahead of time, who was eligible; provided women and children with safe spaces and extra support; and trained all volunteers in how to keep the most vulnerable safe during surge distributions.
Accountability to affected populations
People affected by food insecurity and malnutrition should be able to hold WFP accountable for the assistance it provides, for the manner in which programmes are implemented, and for achieving results. Individuals receiving assistance deserve to be listened to and given a voice in the decisions that regard them. In Pakistan, as well as in other countries, we have established complaints and feedback mechanisms for them to share their thoughts or concerns, whether at physical help desks or – increasingly – through mobile phones and social media.
The number of forcibly displaced people in the world is at an all-time high; many cannot meet their own food and nutrition needs. WFP works to make refugees and internally displaced populations more resilient, reach the most vulnerable, and deliver solutions that are context-sensitive and provide an opportunity to live with greater dignity. In Uganda, for example, WFP works closely with the Government and the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) to support an environment in which refugees have access to land for cultivation as well as other livelihood pathways.
More than half of the world’s population now live in urban settlements. By 2050, as many as two-thirds of all people will be urban dwellers. Most of this growth is occurring in middle and low-income countries, where congestion and poor planning exacerbate social inequality and food insecurity. Rapid urbanization is also generating what has become known as the "double burden" of under-nutrition and obesity. WFP is adapting to support better urban food systems and markets, and exploring technology-driven solutions to hunger.