The operation has been modified as budget revision 5.
South Sudan became an independent nation on 9 July 2011, after more than five decades of war and a six-year interim period following signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement between the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement and the Government of the Sudan. The country is at a critical juncture: severe neglect or destruction of basic infrastructure and the absence of public services have resulted in some of the worst socio-economic indicators in the world. South Sudan is not on track to meet any of the Millennium Development Goals.
In South Sudan’s first year of statehood, WFP focused on providing life-saving relief assistance, primarily through general food distributions; in 2012, it launched a country strategy (2014–2017). This protracted relief and recovery operation is part of that strategy, which has four pillars: i) meeting the emergency food needs of vulnerable groups; ii) improving community resilience and livelihoods; iii) expanding market access and the food value chain; and iv) enhancing access to social services in support of good nutrition and learning. WFP’s strategy is guided by the need to increase the capacity of state institutions and enhance partnerships to promote sustainable hunger solutions.
In 2013, through emergency operation 200338, WFP continued to meet urgent needs while exploring the potential for self-reliance and household food security in areas where conditions are favourable to the transition from relief to recovery, and to improving resilience to shocks.
In line with the WFP Strategic Plan (2014–2017), this operation will provide food assistance to up to 3.1 million people over two years.