In Borno, Yobe and Adamawa states in northeast Nigeria, Boko Haram violence is affecting the lives and livelihoods of millions of people. Over five million people are facing hunger and 450,000 children are severely malnourished. Violence and insecurity are causing mass movements of people, with 1.62 million living in camps or host communities within Nigeria and tens of thousands seeking refuge in neighbouring countries, including Cameroon, Chad and Niger. Many of those who left the country are now returning, needing food and shelter.
In recent months, joint efforts by the Nigerian Government and the humanitarian community, including the World Food Programme (WFP) have managed to stave off famine and stabilise precarious situations. However, humanitarian needs are expected to remain high into 2018 and funding will continue to be needed to support immediate assistance as well as longer-term recovery and development programmes.
What the World Food Programme is doing to respond to the Nigeria emergency
Throughout 2017, WFP has been distributing food and cash assistance (including mobile phone-based transfers) to more than one million people monthly in Yobe, Adamawa and Borno, the states hardest hit by the crisis. Those receiving assistance included displaced people living in camps or host communities, as well as vulnerable members of host communities and people returning home after months of displacement.
WFP is providing specialised nutritious food to children and pregnant and nursing women. Surveys in IDP camps in Maiduguri, Borno state, show a dramatic drop in malnutrition rates. However, these still remain high in more remote areas.
In collaboration with the Nigerian Government and other partners, WFP is preparing strategies to combine short-term assistance with longer-term interventions to build people’s resilience.
Logistics and emergency telecommunications
WFP supports the humanitarian community in Northeast Nigeria in addressing the main logistics and telecommunication gaps, including storage augmentation in key operational areas.
UN Humanitarian Air Service (UNHAS)
WFP is providing safe and reliable air transport to the humanitarian community in Cameroon, Chad, Niger and Nigeria. This includes the use of helicopters to carry vital relief – staff, medicines, vaccines, ready-to-use specialized nutritious food – to hard-to-reach, isolated areas.