Following a long battle between Iraqi Security Forces and the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi announced that the city of Mosul had been retaken on 9 July 2017. Tal Afar fell quickly to Iraqi Security Forces a few weeks later.
Almost one million people had been displaced during the nine-month operation, with the World Food Programme (WFP) providing assistance to 1.8 million people from Mosul and the surrounding areas. WFP is now preparing to assist people from western Anbar and Hawija, the remaining areas under ISIL control in Iraq.
Food consumption among families who stayed in western Mosul improved following WFP assistance, according to a WFP Monitoring & Evaluation assessment. However, families remained under heightened levels of stress, using coping strategies that deplete their assets and that are likely to have long-term impact. All households reported spending their savings, resorting to credit and borrowing money to purchase food.
What the World Food Programme is doing to respond to the Iraq emergency
WFP is providing food assistance through family food rations, which include basic food items such as wheat flour, rice, beans, bulgur and oil; immediate response rations with ready-to-eat food provided to people fleeing conflict areas; and cash transfers for people to buy food in places where it is available.
WFP works with NGO partners in hotspots around the country to ensure emergency food rations are provided to families on the move, including by pre-positioning stocks.
More people in Iraq are registered on WFP’s beneficiary management and transfer platform, known as SCOPE, than in any other country in the region. This technology helps humanitarian assistance to be more efficient and more accurate, while enhancing data protection. Several other humanitarian agencies and organizations use WFP’s SCOPE platform to manage their assistance in Iraq.
In order to treat and prevent malnutrition in young children who spent significant periods of time living under ISIL, WFP provides ready-to-use food supplements to families on the move, along with emergency food rations.
WFP leads the Logistics and Emergency Telecommunications (ETC) Clusters, which coordinate responses to ensure the efficient and effective delivery of humanitarian assistance for the entire humanitarian community in Iraq. The ETC is also providing internet access to refugees in Domiz camp, with similar services to be rolled out in other camps. We also co-leading the Food Security Cluster with the UN Food and Agriculture Organization.
Support to Syrian refugees
As part of the regional response to the Syrian refugee crisis, WFP provides cash transfers to 56,000 Syrian refugees in nine camps across the Kurdistan Region of Iraq, with distributions managed through WFP’s electronic SCOPE platform. WFP has been supporting Syrian refugees in Iraq since 2012.