The Central African Republic has the second-to-lowest level of human development in the world. Rebel groups control parts of the country, which continues to experience sporadic surges of violence against the backdrop of a disintegrating state.
Conflict began in 2012, when the rebel Seleka coalition overran much of the country, killing thousands. Violence between Christians and minority Muslims was widespread, and around 600,000 people were forced to move to other parts of the country to escape conflict. Half a million fled the country altogether. Today, political and religious tension is still high, and the country is struggling to rebuild itself.
Ordinary people fight for survival in a fragile economy in which basic services are scarce. Severe humanitarian and economic hardship continues, with crop production estimated to be around 54 percent lower than pre-crisis levels. This means that around 2.5 million people are facing food insecurity - an unprecedented level.
The World Food Programme is helping people affected by the conflict, working to enhance food security among displaced and vulnerable communities. WFP aims to improve food consumption, reduce undernutrition and restore access to basic services.
What the World Food Programme is doing in Central African Republic
Food asssistanceWFP distributes food to the internally displaced, host communities and affected local populations, as well as providing food in exchange for building or repairing community assets to strengthen longer-term recovery. WFP also connects smallholder farmers with markets for their produce. WFP food, cash and voucher assistance reaches nearly 305,000 people.
NutritionWFP provides treatment for babies, children, pregnant women and nursing mothers suffering from moderate acute malnutrition. WFP also provides extra food supplies for families with children aged from six months to two years, and nutritious school meals for more than 191,100 school children across 460 primary schools.
UN Humanitarian Air ServiceWFP manages the UN Humanitarian Air Service (UNHAS) on behalf of the humanitarian community, providing transport to 28 destinations that would otherwise be inaccessible due to insecurity, poor infrastructure or flooding. On average, UNHAS transports around 2,800 passengers and 27.5 metric tons of cargo each month.