The humanitarian situation continues to deteriorate in Iraq amidst ongoing violence that has forced more than 3 million people to leave their homes. Many of them are unable to meet their immediate needs for nutritious food, clean drinking water and other essentials.
The military operation to retake western Mosul was launched in February 2017, and during the first weeks thousands of families fled the fighting and arrived exhausted and in great need of assistance to screening centres and camps. However, up to 750,000 people are still trapped in this part of the city, which causes great concern.
Since the start of the Mosul offensive in October 2016, WFP has provided ready-to-eat food for over one million people. These include all families displaced in camps and those remaining in eastern Mosul as well as the retaken areas of the Mosul corridor.
WFP provides assistance to almost 1.5 million internally displaced persons in Iraq per month through food distributions, cash or e-vouchers.
As part of efforts to support Syrian refugees who have fled the conflict in that country, in January 2017 WFP has assisted 54,000 refugees in nine camps across Iraq.
What the World Food Programme is doing to respond to the Iraq emergency
Since the start of the military operation to retake Mosul from ISIL, over 1.3 million people have received assistance from WFP and its partners. Ready-to-eat emergency food is provided as soon as it is possible to access people. If the Government of Iraq’s Public Distribution System is not functioning, families receive monthly food rations as they settle in camps or host communities.
As markets are functioning well in many parts of the country, WFP is increasing cash-based assistance, which is now being provided to 340,000 displaced Iraqis and 55,000 Syrian refugees. This assistance is provided through vouchers and an electronic SCOPECARD, which can be used as a bank card to pay in designated stores and, in some cases, to withdraw unrestricted cash from money transfer agents.
In order to continue responding to the food needs of those affected by the military operations in Mosul, WFP urgently requires US$67 million until the end of July 2017. This will cover the procurement and pre-positioning of stocks to assist around 1.4 million people with life-saving ready-to-eat food and monthly food rations or when possible cash-based assistance.
WFP Iraq is working with donors around the clock to ensure sufficient funding. Also, WFP is working closely with the Iraqi authorities to coordinate the efforts to support families in need, and to transition from emergency assistance into resilience building and a sustainable and food secure Iraq.