Droughts, floods and other climate-related hazards are key drivers of hunger. Access to relevant and timely climate information – such as reliable forecasts – is key for governments and communities to better manage climate risks.
The World Food Programme (WFP) has considerable experience in using producing and translating climate information that countries and vulnerable communities can use to make informed decisions to manage climate related risks.
Through its climate analysis work, WFP helps governments and partners to better understand the impacts of climate change on food security and nutrition in a specific country. This informs the identification of the most appropriate measures that need to be included in climate change adaptation policies and planning and help to identify key activities to strengthen resilience of the most vulnerable.
WFP food security analysts translate climate and weather information into early warnings for hazards such as droughts and floods. Coupling this information with detailed analyses of household vulnerability, WFP and partners can assess how these events will affect people’s food security and ensure early action.
WFP climate service innovations
The GFCS Adaptation Programme for Africa Initiative - In Malawi and Tanzania, WFP is part of the GFCS Adaptation Programme for Africa Initiative focused on reducing vulnerability to climate change by enhancing the production and use of climate services. WFP work focuses on helping rural communities access tailored weather and climate information that they can easily understand and use to take decision to strengthen food security and improve their livelihoods. WFP uses an integrated approach to help co-design and deliver reliable and easy to understand information via dedicated radio programmes, mobile phone (SMS and audio) and training of agricultural intermediaries
The Livelihoods, Early Warning and Protection project (LEAP) - In Ethiopia, WFP has been working with the Government on the LEAP software, which uses agro-meteorological data to trigger food assistance in case of a drought, so that families receive support before they are forced to take desperate measures. LEAP has also been used by WFP’s partners to help pastoralists identify fresh grazing areas for their livestock, using vegetation maps.
R4 Rural Resilience Initiative - Climate information is used to help determine weather index insurance pay-outs in case of drought in our R4 Initiative in Ethiopia, Senegal, Malawi and Zambia.
FoodSECuRE - FoodSECuRE is a ground-breaking tool that releases funds based on a forecast before a disaster occurs. FoodSECuRE also ensures funds are available post-disaster, so that resilience-building activities continue over time.